Gold was responsible for Baker County's birth, but beef is truly the place's most lasting economic legacy.
It's wholly appropriate, then, that the Oregon Cattlemen's Association was founded here, and most fitting that the organization will celebrate its centennial here this weekend.
The miners arrived in 1861, and, given the prodigious appetites miners tend to work up, and the utter absence of supermarkets, cattle herds soon followed.
Raising beef has been a mainstay of the county's, and the region's, economy every since.
Which is hardly surprising, because this is good cattle country.
There's ample water, flat ground suitable for growing hay and alfalfa for winter feed, and hundreds of thousands of acres of rangeland for spring, summer and fall grazing.
Baker County, with an inventory of 123,700 head in 2012, has the fourth-largest cattle herd among Oregon's 36 counties, trailing Malheur (276,000), Klamath (187,000) and Harney (161,000).
Gross sales of beef cattle from the county totaled $53.6 million in 2012.
Ranching is, as always, a tough and tenuous business. But the past few years have been good ones, in general, and Oregon ranchers picked the right place to have their big celebratory bash.